Abstract of Title
A historical summary provided by a title insurance company of all records affecting the title to a property.
The right of the lender to demand payment on the outstanding balance of a loan.
Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM)
A mortgage that has a fixed rate of interest for only a set period of time, usually one, three or five years. During the initial period the interest rate is lower, and after that period it will adjust based on an index.
The actual date that the interest rate is changed for an ARM.
Features of your home that fit your preferences and can increase the value of your property. Some examples include the number of bedrooms, bathrooms, or vicinity to public transportation.
The liquidation of a debt by regular, usually monthly, installments of principal and interest. An amortization schedule is a table showing the payment amount, interest, principal and unpaid balance for the entire term of the loan.
A schedule of how the loan is intended to be repaid. For example, a typical amortization schedule will include the amount borrowed, the interest rate, and the term. The result will be a month-by-month breakdown of how much every month is paid in interest versus how much is paid down on the principal.
Annual Percentage Rate (APR)
A measure of the cost of credit, expressed as a yearly rate. It includes interest as well as other charges. Because all lenders, by federal law, follow the same rules to ensure the accuracy of the annual percentage rate, it provides consumers with a good basis for comparing the cost of loans, including mortgage plans. APR is a higher rate than the simple interest of the mortgage.
Appraisals are conducted to give an estimate of the value of a property. They are conducted by certified professionals who evaluate a piece of property based on a physical inspection and the selling price of comparable houses that have recently been sold.
An increase in property value.
Charges levied against a property for tax purposes or to pay for municipality or association improvements such as curbs, sewers, or grounds maintenance.
The transfer of a contract or a right to buy property at given rates and terms from a mortgagee to another person.
An agreement between a buyer and a seller, requiring lender approval, where the buyer takes over the payments for a mortgage and accepts the liability. Assuming a loan can be advantageous for a buyer because there are no closing costs and the loan's interest rate may be lower than current market rates. Depending on what is in the mortgage or deed of trust, the lender may raise the interest rate, require the buyer to qualify for the mortgage, or not permit the buyer to assume the loan at all.